A train derailment in West Virginia on Wednesday resulted in an “unknown” amount of diesel fuel and oil being released into a portion of one of North America’s oldest rivers that’s also part of the National Park Service. CSX, a freight train supplier, said the train derailed in Sandstone after it “struck a rockslide.”
CSX said in a press release Wednesday that the coal train was empty at the time of the incident, which happened at around 4:51 a.m. All four of the train’s locomotives and nine empty coal cars derailed, the company said, citing preliminary information. West Virginia Emergency Management reports that it took place in a rural area, roughly a mile from the end of a paved road “somewhat remote” area.
Three crew members who were in the lead locomotive at the time — a conductor, engineer and engineer trainee — were “evaluated and treated for non-life threatening injuries” after that locomotive caught fire, the company said. CSX said there is no danger to the public and that no hazardous materials were on the train.
West Virginia Emergency Management said downstream public water systems were notified of what happened and that monitoring for “potential public health impacts” is ongoing.
West Virginia American Water has been monitoring the water quality and said it has temporarily stopped drawing water from the New River and will “enhance its treatment processes, as necessary.”
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“Customers should see no impact to their service as a result of this action. The health and safety of our customers is a priority, and there are currently no drinking water advisories in place because of this incident,” the American Water subsidiary said. “…Should the need arise for a drinking water advisory, customers will be notified upon that development.”
On Thursday, CSX said that there had been 22 empty coal train cars, all of which have been removed. There may be environmental effects from the derailment. “An unknown quantity of diesel fuel and oil spilled from the derailed locomotives and environmental measures will be deployed in the New River for containment,” CSX said.
One of the earliest rivers in North America is thought to be the New River. The National Park Service reports that it’s largely accepted that the river “has been in its present course for at least 65 million years.” It once ran through Central Ohio, Indiana and Illinois before going into the Mississippi, but much of it got diverted about 10,000 years ago when it was impacted by glacial ice, the service said.
“Another indication of the New River’s old age is that it flows across the Appalachian Plateau, not around or from it as other streams,” the NPS added. “The river was there before the Appalachians formed—and the mountains are very old.”
In video, it can be seen that several of the cars from the abandoned coal train ended up in or close to the New River. The 53 miles of the river inside the New River Gorge National Park and Preserve maintained by the National Park Service include that region. Depending on the amount involved, oil that enters freshwater bodies might result in serious harm.
“Oil spills occurring in freshwater bodies are less publicized than spills into the ocean even though freshwater oil spills are more frequent and often more destructive to the environment,” the EPA says. “Freshwater bodies are highly sensitive to oil spills and are important to human health and the environment.”
The effects would be less severe because the river is a moving stream than if it had poured into standing water, but the EPA claims that oil “clings” damage plants and may endanger animals that depend on such plants. Due to its tendency to become caught in the water’s rocks, oil can also disturb the local environment.
According to West Virginia Emergency Management, CSX will be in charge of cleaning up the area as it owns 12 feet of the property. West Virginia Emergency Management said CSX will be responsible for site cleanup, as the company owns 12 feet “from the middle of the track to either side.”
“The company is sending a spill response unit that will coordinate with the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) on mitigation and remediation efforts,” it added, praising the company for its swift initial response.
CSX said Thursday that it’s “deployed additional environmental measures” to contain the fuel that could leak as the final train components are removed from the site. And once the final locomotive is removed, rocks and soil that were in contact with the diesel fuel will also be removed, the company said.
“The safety of our employees and the community is our top priority as we dispatch our teams to assess the situation and develop a plan to completely restore the area,” CSX said. “Our team is in close contact with local police and fire officials and will continue working closely with them on our recovery efforts.”